There are many skin cancers but melanoma is the most dangerous. Sometimes, when not detected early, it is life threatening. Melanoma is caused by too much exposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun. It starts in the melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin. This is a substance responsible for giving your skin color. When the melanocytes receive an excessive amount of ultra violet rays, they may grow to abnormal sizes or may become cancerous.
The initial symptoms of melanoma include an unnatural color, size, shape of your mole or a new mole displaying the same characteristics may appear. In men, this skin cancer will most often develop between the hips and shoulders, on the neck and head. In women, it will appear on the lower portion of the legs. In people with dark skin, it is usually seen under the toenails or fingernails, on the sole or palm. These are the areas Melanoma frequently appears, but it is known to appear in other parts of the body.
A serious case of Melanoma is known as metastasis. This is a condition where the cancer has spread to other areas of the skin and has made inroads deeper into the body. When melanoma gets to this stage, treating it becomes difficult.
Even when you are young, you can still get Melanoma, although, it appears much more frequently among older people. It is estimated that in the US alone around 50,000 get afflicted with it every year.
How can you protect yourself from Melanoma?
There are certain types of this skin cancer that can’t be prevented, but you can reduce the risks. Basically you just have to protect your skin from too much exposure to ultra-violet rays of the sun or other sources.
Here are valuation 5 tips which can help you avoid Melanoma.
1. Wear the right kind of clothing
There is no reason for you to actually avoid the sun. You need the Vitamin D that it provides. However, you must make it a point that when you go to the beach between 10 am to four pm you have a shirt on, though not just some shirt. Some say a white shirt will do but it really does not offer full protection. Clothing of tighter weave or sunscreen clothing or dark colored shirts work best.
2. Get the right kind of bottle protection
Currently most lotions that are supposed to protect people from the effects of ultra violet rays offer protection only from UVB or Ultra-Violet B and while this kind of UV poses the greater danger because they impact on the DNA, UVA penetrates the skin more deeply, creating free radicals that lead to wrinkles. Because of this UVA also plays an active role in the occurrence of skin cancer. What you need is a bottle that says it addresses both UBB and UVA types.
3. Look for signs
If your work requires staying under the sun for long periods of time or you love to frequent beaches, then, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist once in a while; once a year sounds good. But you should help by stripping yourself naked and examining your body in the mirror. Moles that stand out because of their unnatural size and in places where the Melanoma is usually found should merit a visit to a dermatologist.
A great majority of Melanoma fatalities are men probably because they are not as conscious of their bodies as the women. If you are man now is the time to look at your body more closely.
4. Avoid tanning beds and sunlamps
Disabuse yourself of the idea that tanning beds are risk-free. They actually emit both UVB and UVA rays and by now you know that both types can cause serious skin damages which later on can trigger Melanoma. In fact, reliable research revealed that the risks of Melanoma are greater among people who have started using tanning beds before the age of 30.
There is a safer way of getting a tan and this is by using a tanning lotion. This kind of lotion contains dihydroxyacetone (DHA). The interaction between DHA and the proteins in your skin give you the color you want.
5. Take in a lot of antioxidants
A diet of fresh vegetables and fruits contains the plenty of anti-oxidants that help fight most cancers including skin cancers. It’s the most natural way of preventing Melanoma.